ToXiC mATErIalS iN aPpalaChiAN cOAl mIniNG

  • Liability for Pollutants and Toxic Materials - Intuitive ...

    2014-8-19 · Liability for Pollutants and Toxic Materials. Posted on August 19, ... The toxin in question is selenium, a by-product of coal mining, and a pollutant found in rivers throughout the Appalachian coal mining region. The case was brought against A&G Coal which was accused of releasing selenium into area rivers in violation of the Clean Water Act ...

  • Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia ...

    1 天前 · Surface coal mining involves: removing parts or all of mountaintops to expose buried seams of coal, and. "interburden" (rock between coal seams).

  • Contaminants in Appalachian Water Resources Generated

    2020-11-26 · Mountaintop removal coal mining enhances and sustains saline baseflows of Appalachian watersheds. Environ Sci Technol 51:8324–8334 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Pond GJ (2010) Patterns of Ephemeroptera taxa loss in Appalachian headwater streams (Kentucky, USA).

  • Particulate matter pollution in the coal-producing

    2017-12-22 · the Appalachian communities that are commonly located in narrow valleys, or “hollows,” where homes are placed directly along the roads in a region of active mountaintop mining operations. Our study suggests that proximity to heavy coal

  • Coal Mining in Appalachia and Environmental Justice

    2020-8-22 · The coal mining industry in the Appalachian region of the United States is often viewed as a lucrative capital venture. A resource wealthy industry, that also provides energy in the form of fossil fuels for other industries across the country. While coal production and its subsequent use can be viewed as beneficial, the process of mountaintop ...

  • Coal Controversy In Appalachia - NASA

    Mountaintop removal coal mines have changed the shape, altitude, and ecology of large areas of the Appalachian coalfields. This photograph shows part of the

  • Transcriptome Analysis of Invasive Plants in Response to ...

    Efficient postmining reclamation requires successful revegetation. By using RNA sequencing, we evaluated the growth response of two invasive plants, goutweed (Aegopodium podagraria L.) and mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris), grown in two Appalachian acid-mine soils (MS-I and -II, pH ∼ 4.6). Although defic

  • Appalachia is a gold mine for rare earth elements - Futurity

    2016-5-27 · Appalachia is a gold mine for rare earth elements. May 27th, 2016 Posted by Ken Kingery-Duke. Erbium. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons) The content of rare earth elements in US coal ashes shows that ...

  • Toxicity of sediments potentially contaminated by coal ...

    Although several earlier studies indicated the effects of coal mining–related contaminants in sediment on mussel behavior (feeding or respiration; 12) and survival 13, limited studies have been conducted to evaluate the toxicity of coal mining–associated contaminants in sediment to mussels, partially due to a lack of methods for conducting ...

  • Chemicals Used in Mining - Hesperian Health Guides

    2021-12-30 · Toxic chemicals used in mining include: cyanide, sulfuric acid, and solvents for separating minerals from ore. nitric acid. ammonium nitrate and fuel oil (“ANFO”) used in blasting tunnels. heavy metals such as mercury, uranium, and lead. gasoline, diesel fuel, and exhaust fumes from vehicles and equipment. acetylene for welding and soldering.

  • Liability for Pollutants and Toxic Materials - Intuitive ...

    2014-8-19 · Liability for Pollutants and Toxic Materials. Posted on August 19, ... The toxin in question is selenium, a by-product of coal mining, and a pollutant found in rivers throughout the Appalachian coal mining region. The case was brought against A&G Coal which was accused of releasing selenium into area rivers in violation of the Clean Water Act ...

  • Coal Mining’s Blow on the Appalachian Economy – The

    This further allows coal organizations to abuse the Appalachian environment for their own monetary gain (“The Human Cost of Coal”). Mining still occurs in Appalachia, it happens much less because the coal supply has diminished by such a significant amount since the early 1900s.

  • Mountaintop coal mining threatens Appalachian

    2021-9-21 · Appalachian range in West Virginia. (Reference image from Pxhere). Biological diversity in the Appalachian mountain streams is being severely threatened by mountaintop coal mining, according to a ...

  • Appalachian coal mine spoil elemental release patterns

    2018-11-1 · 1. Introduction. The release of total dissolved solids (TDS) to streams by areas mined for coal in Appalachia has been the focus of many studies in recent times (e.g. Evans et al., 2014; Sena et al., 2014; Cook et al., 2015; Timpano et al., 2018a, 2018b).Predominant components of TDS in Appalachian streams influenced by surface coal mining are generally SO 4 2−, Ca 2+,

  • Coal's legacy in Appalachia: Lands, waters, and people ...

    2021-12-1 · For more than a century, the coal-mining industry has been a major economic force and employer in the Appalachian region of eastern USA. As national and global energy economies experience rapid change, Appalachian mining is declining in a way that appears permanent. Coal mining, however, has left its mark on the region's lands, waters, and people.

  • OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING - The OSMRE Appalachian

    2009-9-14 · in fiscal year 2006. Coal production declined from a high of 11,260,000 tons in 1972 to 2.564 million tons in 2003. Coal production has increased since calendar year 2003 with 3.385 million tons reported during calendar year 2005. Currently, there are 20 active coal-producing mines that have permitted 9,498 acres for mining.

  • Health Disparities of Coal Miners and Coal Mining

    2021-7-9 · CONTINUING EDUCATION Health Disparities of Coal Miners and Coal Mining Communities The Role of Occupational Health Nurses byElisa P. Apostle, BSN, RN, Marykate E. O'Connell, BSN, RN, andToni M. Vezeau, PhD, RNC ABSTRACT This article investigates how the health disparities of Appalachian coal miners and coal mining communities could be

  • Chemicals Used in Mining - Hesperian Health Guides

    2021-12-30 · Toxic chemicals used in mining include: cyanide, sulfuric acid, and solvents for separating minerals from ore. nitric acid. ammonium nitrate and fuel oil (“ANFO”) used in blasting tunnels. heavy metals such as mercury, uranium, and lead. gasoline, diesel fuel, and exhaust fumes from vehicles and equipment. acetylene for welding and soldering.

  • Coal waste - Global Energy Monitor

    2021-6-7 · Coal mining and coal combustion in power plants produce several types of wastes: The mining process itself produces waste coal or solid mining refuse, which is a mixture of coal and rock.; The mining process also produces liquid coal waste, which is then stored in impoundments.; Pollution control equipment used for coal combustion produces coal ash or fly

  • 4 Coal Mining and Processing | Coal: Research and ...

    2 天前 · Although the United States has the vast coal resource described in the previous chapter, perhaps as much as 4 trillion tons, the key issue for policy makers is the amount of coal that is economically recoverable.This is not a fixed

  • Contaminants in Appalachian Water Resources Generated

    Appalachian coal mining affects water quality by enabling accelerated mineral weathering and consequent release of dissolved elements; such effects are evident during and after mining.

  • Liability for Pollutants and Toxic Materials - Intuitive ...

    2014-8-19 · Liability for Pollutants and Toxic Materials. Posted on August 19, ... The toxin in question is selenium, a by-product of coal mining, and a pollutant found in rivers throughout the Appalachian coal mining region. The case was brought against A&G Coal which was accused of releasing selenium into area rivers in violation of the Clean Water Act ...

  • Particulate matter pollution in the coal-producing

    2017-12-22 · the Appalachian communities that are commonly located in narrow valleys, or “hollows,” where homes are placed directly along the roads in a region of active mountaintop mining operations. Our study suggests that proximity to heavy coal

  • Bioaccumulation and speciation of selenium in fish and ...

    2014-4-11 · Mountaintop removal coal mining is a form of surface mining that involves blasting off mountaintops to access underlying coal seams (Merovich et al. 2007).The practice of mountaintop removal coal mining and valley fill (MTR/VF) is common in the Appalachian coal mining region where US coal mining began over 200 years ago (Merovich et al. 2007). ...

  • Atmospheric particulate matter size distribution and ...

    2014-2-19 · People who live in Appalachian areas where coal mining is prominent have increased health problems compared with people in non-mining areas of Appalachia. Coal mines and related mining activities ...

  • Coal's legacy in Appalachia: Lands, waters, and people ...

    2021-12-1 · For more than a century, the coal-mining industry has been a major economic force and employer in the Appalachian region of eastern USA. As national and global energy economies experience rapid change, Appalachian mining is declining in a way that appears permanent. Coal mining, however, has left its mark on the region's lands, waters, and people.

  • Appalachia is a gold mine for rare earth elements - Futurity

    2016-5-27 · Appalachia is a gold mine for rare earth elements. May 27th, 2016 Posted by Ken Kingery-Duke. Erbium. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons) The content of rare earth elements in US coal ashes shows that ...

  • Mountaintop Removal | Learning to Give

    2 天前 · Mountaintop Removal is an effective coal mining technique that is destructive to the environment and human rights. This method is used in the Appalachian Mountains, but its effects are felt across the country. There are job benefits and cost benefits to the practice, and its negative impact is addressed by a number of different nonprofits and ...

  • The Hidden Costs of Fossil Fuels | Union of Concerned ...

    2008-7-15 · As much as 50 percent of pre-processed coal materials can end up as highly toxic waste . Others harmful materials remain as excess waste when the coal is burned. After combustion, the material left behind is known as coal ash, consisting of fly ash and bottom ash.

  • The impacts of coal dust on miners' health: A review

    Coal mining and processing involve multiple dust generation processes including coal cutting, transport, crushing and milling etc. Coal dust is one of the main sources of health hazard for As one of the most important energy resources in the world, coal contributes a